Difference between revisions of "Calex Charger Teardown"

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(re-arranged the photo gallery for a slightly more coherent presentation)
(link to alternate teardown blog post)
 
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This showcases a teardown and de-potting of a Calex 1200 charger from a 2016 DSR model, following a total failure of the charger.
 
This showcases a teardown and de-potting of a Calex 1200 charger from a 2016 DSR model, following a total failure of the charger.
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[[File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-3.jpg|400px|thumb|none|Board topside completely uncovered]]
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[[File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-7.jpg|400px|thumb|none|Board underside mostly uncovered]]
  
 
;Notes
 
;Notes
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* The board's capacitor banks do not seem adequately shielded from current inrush.
 
* The board's capacitor banks do not seem adequately shielded from current inrush.
 
*: This lack of shielding probably plays interacts with a dirty charging inlet and possibly also interacts with a glitchy DC-DC converter on the main/output bus.
 
*: This lack of shielding probably plays interacts with a dirty charging inlet and possibly also interacts with a glitchy DC-DC converter on the main/output bus.
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;References
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* [https://zeromotorcyclenotes.blogspot.com/2019/02/stock-charger-teardown.html Stock Charger Teardown blog post] shows a 2015 S' charger with a somewhat different board layout.
  
 
The photos presented are all oriented with the rear/connection side of the charger pointing to the right.
 
The photos presented are all oriented with the rear/connection side of the charger pointing to the right.
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<gallery mode="packed" caption="Uncovering the topside of the board">
 
<gallery mode="packed" caption="Uncovering the topside of the board">
 
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-lid.jpg|Calex 1200 top lid
 
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-lid.jpg|Calex 1200 top lid
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-potting.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-potting.jpg|Top potting revealed
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-10.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-10.jpg|Under the covering plate
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-9.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-8.jpg|Covering plate, once removed
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-2.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-9.jpg|Carving (1)
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-6.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-2.jpg|Carving (2)
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-1.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-6.jpg|Carving (3)
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-3.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-1.jpg|Carving (4)
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-3.jpg|Board topside completely uncovered
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
<gallery mode="packed" caption="Uncovering the underside of the board">
 
<gallery mode="packed" caption="Uncovering the underside of the board">
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-8.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-4.jpg|Massive covering heatsinks revealed
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-4.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-5.jpg|Largest heatsink plate removed
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-5.jpg
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File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-7.jpg|Board underside mostly uncovered
File:2016-dsr-calex-1200-depotting-7.jpg
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>

Latest revision as of 17:41, 19 February 2019

This showcases a teardown and de-potting of a Calex 1200 charger from a 2016 DSR model, following a total failure of the charger.

Board topside completely uncovered
Board underside mostly uncovered
Notes
Odometer estimate when the charger failed: 31000 miles.
Symptoms observed prior to the fault:
  • Excessive sparking at the inlet despite cleaning and using a hospital-grade cord.
  • Prior failure at 30,000 miles of the Sevcon DC-DC converter.
General Observations
  • A component on the board overheated and caught fire.
  • The fire burned through the board.
  • The rubbery potting extinguished and contained the fire.
Design Observations
  • The board is mounted on the upper side of the charger casing, with the largest/heaviest components suspended below it within a great mass of potting.
    The board itself is mounted very close to the surface that is flush with the underside of the main powerpack casing on the S platform.
  • The rubbery potting fills the case volumetrically, and is likely poured in as a substance which then sets chemically or thermally.
  • The board surface is nearly as large as the enclosure, and seems too thin for its span to support the mounted components on its own.
    The components seem mainly supported by the potting.
    The board's unusual size could be an attempt to increase the distance between components.
    This might be intended to reduce the intensity of heat buildup inside the charger, after the 2014-2015 design proved to be prone to failure.
  • The board's capacitor banks do not seem adequately shielded from current inrush.
    This lack of shielding probably plays interacts with a dirty charging inlet and possibly also interacts with a glitchy DC-DC converter on the main/output bus.
References

The photos presented are all oriented with the rear/connection side of the charger pointing to the right.